Alexios III Megas Komnenos, or Alexius III, was Emperor of Trebizond from December 1349 until his death. ", Byzantine Empire under the Komnenos dynasty, "The Foundation of the Empire of Trebizond (1204-1222)", Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Thessaloniki, Theodora Megale Komnene ("Despina Khatun"), Spain (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Komnenos&oldid=985195224, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1185 (Byzantine rule), 1461 (Trapezuntine rule), This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 14:55. [41] Relations with Russia. Although his reign lasted only till 1059, when his courtiers pressured him to abdicate and become a monk, Isaac initiated many useful reforms. Having distinguished himself in his father's war against the Seljuk Turks, in 1143 Manuel was chosen as his successor by John, in preference to his elder surviving brother Isaac. Manuel Erotikos Komnenos was the father of Isaac I Komnenos (reigned 1057-1059) and grandfather, through Isaac's younger brother John Komnenos, of Alexios I Komnenos (reigned 1081-1118). Isaac I Komnenos, a stratopedarch of the East under Michael VI, founded the Komnenos dynasty of Byzantine emperors. When the eastern Empire was restored in 1261 at Constantinople, it was ruled by a family closely related to the Komnenoi, the Palaiologos family. Manuel was actually the younger son, but two of his brothers had already died tragically of fever, and John had passed over his elder son Isaac, deeming him unsuitable to rule as he was too easily made angry. Early life. Suku oli kotoisin valtakunnan itäosasta, Paflagoniasta. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. The dynasty returned to the throne with the accession of Alexios I Komnenos, Isaac I's nephew, in 1081. [2][3] The first known member of the family, Manuel Erotikos Komnenos, acquired extensive estates at Kastamon in Paphlagonia, which became the stronghold of the family in the 11th century. [6] Modern scholars consider the family to have been entirely of Greek origin.[6]. … Henceforth, the links between Trebizond and Georgia remained close, but their nature and extent have been disputed. The Empire of Trebizond was founded in early April 1204, when Alexios Komnenos, taking advantage of the preoccupation of the central Byzantine government with the encampment of the soldiers of the Fourth Crusade outside their walls (June 1203 - mid-April 1204), seized the city of Trebizond and the surrounding province of Chaldia with troops provided by his relative, Tamar of Georgia. His claims to descent from the imperial dynasty of Trebizond, however, are most likely a fabrication. Alexios also saw the First Crusade pass through Byzantine territory, leading to the establishment of the Crusader states in the east. His maternal grandfather was St. Ladislaus. The identity of his mother is unknown and disputed among scholars, but she was most likely a member of the high Byzantine aristocracy. Manuel had two wives. Manuel III Megas Komnenos (Greek: Μανουήλ Γ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Manouēl III Megas Komnēnos) (December 16, 1364 – March 5, 1417) was Emperor of Trebizond from March 20, 1390 to his death in 1417. Having distinguished himself in his father's war against the Seljuk Turks, in 1143 Manuel was chosen as his successor by John, in preference to his elder surviving brother Isaac. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Manuel III de Trebisonda (es); III. The last descendant of the dynasty is often considered to have been John Komnenos Molyvdos,[10] a distinguished Ottoman Greek scholar and physician, who became metropolitan bishop of Side and Dristra, and died in 1719. After John died on 8 April 1143, his son, Manuel, was acclaimed emperor by the armies. Manuel III, Emperor of Trebizond.jpg 1,052 × 1,500; 214 KB Manuel was blinded at the same time and may well have died; at … Hallitsijasuvun perustaja oli Isaak I Komnenos joka kunnostautui sotilaspäällikkönä jo Mikael VII:n aikana.Vuonna 1057 Isaak kaappasi vallan ja hänet julistettiin keisariksi. The Komnenos dynasty produced a number of branches. Manuel Komnenos was the fourth son of John II Komnenos and Piroska of Hungary, so it seemed very unlikely that he would succeed his father. [3] His maternal grandfather was St. Ladislaus. Manuel’s widow, Maria of Antioch, and Alexios Komnenos, the protosebastos, spread their favor and the largesse of the imperial treasury narrowly but intensively over Italians and aristocrats. John II Komnenos “the Handsome” was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 1118 CE to 1143 CE. Béla III kept his word: as long as Manuel lived, he made no attempt to retrieve his Croatian inheritance, which he only afterwards reincorporated into Hungary. Manuel Komnenos, (d. 1025), Solider from Comne, near Adrianople, later General of Emperor Basil II, granted lands in Castamon, Paphlagonia, married with issue. John had named Manuel as his successor a few days before he died in Cilicia and the new emp… Poss. Manuel Komnenos was the fourth son of John II Komnenos and Piroska of Hungary, so it seemed very unlikely that he would succeed his father. A princess of the Trebizond branch is said to have been the mother of prince Yahya (born 1585),[citation needed] who reportedly became a Christian yet spent much of his life attempting to gain the Ottoman throne. [4] Yet his succession was by no means assured: … Poss. Irene Angelina, daughter of Isaac II Angelos and a thus a descendant of Alexios I Komnenos, married Philip of Swabia, the King of Germany. Trapezuntský (cs); Manuel III Comnenos, Emperor of Trebizond (nl), https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Manuel_III_Megas_Komnenos&oldid=467026774, Uses of Wikidata Infobox with defaultsort suppressed, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Having distinguished himself in his father's war against the Seljuk Turks, in 1143 Manuel was chosen as his successor by John, in preference to his elder surviving brother Isaac. Thereafter the combined clan often was referred as "Komnenodoukai" (Latinized "Comnenoducae") and several individuals used both surnames together. His daughter, called the Damsel of Cyprus, married Thierry of Flanders during the Fourth Crusade and tried to claim the island. ♂ Manuel III Megas Komnenos birth: about 1364 marriage : ♀ Anna Philanthropene marriage : ♀ Gulkhan Khatun Bagration death: 1417 ♂ Bagrat V Bagration Poss. Komnenos (cs); Manuel III de Trébizonde (fr) Trabzon imparatoru (tr); Trapezunt Komnénosz-házi uralkodója (hu); Kaiser von Trapezunt (de); imperatore trapezuntino (it); Emperor of Trebizond (en); imperiestro de Trebizondo (eo); trapezuntský císař (cs); heerser uit keizerrijk Trebizonde (1364-1417) (nl) III. Alexios’ father was John Komnenos, a senior military commander of the imperial guard (domestikos of the Scholai), and his mother, Anna Dalassena, was from a respected aristocratic family. The Trapezutine branch of the Komnenos dynasty also held the name of Axouchos as descendants of John Axouch, a Byzantine nobleman and minister to the Byzantine Komnenian Dynasty. After John died on 8 April 1143, his son, Manuel, was acclaimed emperor by the armies. Louis XVII's 16-Great Uncle. [9] Mehmed himself claimed descent from the Komnenos family via John Tzelepes Komnenos. His foreign policy was the most wide-ranging of the Komnenoi. [6] The Romanian historian George Murnu suggested in 1924 that the Komnenoi were of Aromanian descent, but this view too is now rejected. In 1782, the Corsican Greek notable Demetrio Stefanopoli obtained letters patent from Louis XVI of France recognizing him as the descendant and heir of the Emperors of Trebizond. Manuel Komnenos attempted to draw the Russian principalities into his net of diplomacy directed against Hungary, and to a lesser extent Norman Sicily. Manuel Erotikos Komnenos was the father of Isaac I Komnenos (reigned 1057-1059) and grandfather, through Isaac's younger brother John Komnenos, of Alexios I Komnenos (reigned 1081-1118). [2][4] The family thereby quickly became associated with the powerful and prestigious military aristocracy (dynatoi) of Asia Minor, so that despite its Thracian origins it came to be considered "eastern". John, almost constantly on campaign throughout his reign, would continue the military successes of his father Alexios I with significant victories in the Balkans, Armenia, and Asia Minor.The Byzantine Empire, thus, regained something of its former sparkle and the respect of its rivals across … After Manuel I's reign the Komnenos dynasty fell into conspiracies and plots like many of its predecessors (and the various contenders within the family sought power and often succeeded in overthrowing the preceding kinsman); Alexios II, the first Komnenos to ascend as a minor, ruled for three years and his conqueror and successor Andronikos I ruled for two, overthrown by the Angelos family under Isaac II who was dethroned and blinded by his own brother Alexios III. Their first 'emperor', named Alexios I, was the grandson of Emperor Andronikos I. Alexios III Angelos (Greek: Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος) (c. 1153 – 1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. 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